Pigmentation Treatment Options
Pigmentation disorders are caused by an overproduction or underproduction of melatonin; a common form of pigmentation is hyper-pigmentation, when the body produces too much melanin, resulting in uneven skin tone. Melanin is a natural pigment in the body that produces hair, eye and skin colour and this protects the body from ultraviolet (UV) light. Skin discoloration can be unsightly and can reduce people’s confidence within their appearance. Pigmentation treatment options available today range from laser therapy, light therapy, and self-applicable skin lightening creams and natural remedies. If you have already tried using non-invasive treatments which you have applied yourself, and would like to try seeking professional treatment, there are a number of therapies available.
Laser treatment rejuvenate skin and help overcome pigmentation problems such as hyper-pigmentation. A range of laser treatments are available from professional teatment centers. One of the newest laser treatments is Fraxel laser, which sends multiple tunnels of laser energy into the skin to treat pigmentation. The Fraxel laser stimulates collagen production and removes microscopic islands of epidermis which can improve skin discoloration. A course of two to six treatments is recommended. Fraxel laser therapy can be painful and anesthetic cream can ease pain. The skin can become red and weepy for days afterwards. This treatment makes your skin susceptible to sun damage, which is a leading cause of pigmentation problems, so minimise sun exposure in the aftermath of Fraxel laser therapy.
IPL therapy (intense pulsed light therapy) uses a machine that directs light pulses at areas of skin discoloration, targeting the melanin in the skin to bring about more even pigmentation. IPL therapy can be used to treat pigmented birthmarks, brown patches, and uneven skin tone as a result of sun damage. While IPL therapy is not as powerful as a laser it should still be administered carefully by a professional. IPL therapy should be tailored to your individual condition and skin type as it can over-lighten skin on dark skin tones. This treatment can sting but anaesthetic and cooling creams can relieve the pain.
L.E.D. light therapy is a non-chemical, non-invasive treatment used for a number of skin conditions including pigmentation problems. Unlike laser treatments for pigmentation problems, this procedure is comfortable. L.E.D. light therapy is a safe and painless procedure and there is no risk of burning or damaging the skin, so it should not produce scarring. L.E.D. light therapy is suitable for all skin types and skin colour. No peeling or skin irritation occurs afterwards, as can happen in some laser treatments for pigmentation problems. L.E.D. light therapy is particularly useful for treating superficial hyper-pigmentation.