Hyper pigmentation is the condition where the skin darkens in patches due to an overproduction of the skin pigment, melanin. Melanin is the pigment responsible for giving the skin its color. People of African have more melanin as compared to Caucasian people. This means they have more chances of developing hyper pigmentation complications. Hyper pigmentation is not only caused by the sun as most people tend to think. It actually can be caused by other factors.
The main factor involved when it comes to hyper pigmentation is melanin. This is because when melanin is exposed to a lot of sunlight, melanocytes found inside this skin pigment will cause more melanin to be produced, thus leading to darker skin commonly referred to as a tan. However if there were parts of the skin that were already dark, this could lead to them getting darker in the case of freckles, for example. In as much as the causes of hyper pigmentation can’t be pinpointed on exactly, there are some that seem to be causing it.
Unprotected Exposure To The Sun
The best way to protect yourself would be to wear protective clothing and items whenever you expose yourself to the sun. Such things are like sunglasses for your areas and the sensitive skin surrounding them; hats to protect your face and sunscreen to protect your skin.
Hormones During Pregnancy
Other causes of hyper pigmentation are inflammation, illness and some types of medicine.
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