The Main Causes of Skin Hyperpigmentation
Hyperpigmentation of the skin is usually characterized by uneven complexion, freckles, age spots, and dark spots. Basically, hyperpigmentation is the uneven and high production of melanin in the skin. Nonetheless, there are various causes of hyperpigmentation of the skin. Learning the condition of your skin is essential whether or not you have spots that are evidence of hyperpigmentation.
Hormonal change is one reason why the production of the pigment melanin may be higher than the usual. An example of a specific kind of hyperpigmentation caused by hormonal changes is melasma in pregnant women. In such case, doctors do not recommend the application of any kind of skin-whitening treatment unless melasma has faded already.
The appearance of dark patches may be a sign of a hidden disease. Hyperpigmentation may show up because of Addison’s disease, Cushing’s disease, and other similar diseases. It is best to see your physician if dark patches on the skin are appearing along with other symptoms like mood swings and muscle pain.
Darkening of skin may be caused by skin irritation or skin inflammation. More often than not, the darkening will disappear once the infection is treated. There are different ways that can be utilized to treat skin conditions similar to these.
Skin pigmentation may also be affected by treatments that are applied topically. For instance, medications such as salicylic acid, which is primarily used to treat acne, may bring about the darkening of the skin while being used. There is nothing to worry about the spots caused by medications and chemicals because they become clear once the treatment is through.
Sun exposure can be considered as the most usual cause of skin hyperpigmentation. The rule of the thumb goes to show that the longer you are exposed to the sun, the more melanin your skin will produce. Melanin protects your skin from harmful ultraviolet rays. Obviously, the best way to deal with this is to avoid going out under the sun during noontime when the sun is at its peak. Other measure such as wearing of appropriate sunscreen and protective clothing is a must.
If you are becoming suspicious about the condition of your skin, it will not hurt to consult your doctor to discover what is the reason behind the hyperpigmentation of your skin. The modern treatments available in this time and age are effective in treating skin pigmentation.