Age spots are skin discolorations that normally occur on the neck, hands and face of persons 40 years old and above. Age spots are harmless and are usually brown or yellow in color. Although not a health concern, ages spots can be annoying as it is one of the visible signs of aging. Ages spots are also commonly called as lentigines, liver spots or sun spots.
The causes of age spots can be attributed to three things other than aging – constant exposure to the heat of the sun, nutritional deficiencies and damaged liver function. Other contributing factors of age spots are lack of exercise, poor diet and the excessive consumptions of oxidized oils.
There are certain precautions and home remedies that you can take in order to prevent the onslaught of age spots; such as:
If you are planning to be out in the sun for long periods of time always apply sunscreen on your arms, face, neck and legs. Choose a sunscreen with SPF15 or higher to better protect your skin against ages spots. Using sunscreen is an effective preventive measure to deter the growth of age spots.
Undergoing laser therapy is one of the most effective ways to remove age spots. Although costly, several sessions of laser therapy destroys melanocytes which are the main cause of skin pigmentation. Laser therapy is a relatively safe, non-evasive medical procedure that most skin treatment facilities offer.
Chemical peel is another skin treatment to remove age spots. A special chemical is applied on the skin, destroying the damaged, age-spotted skin and allowing healthy skin to grow in place.
There are various, additional methods to remove age spots such as the application of Retin-A, cryotherapy and dermabrasion. All of these methods destroy the old skin and encourage the growth of healthy skin.
Age Spots Prevention
Aside from using a sunscreen when spending time under the sun to prevent the premature occurrence of age spots there are other preventive methods that you can practice. One such preventive method is by wearing long sleeve shirts when out in the sun. Furthermore, during the summer months minimize the duration that your skin is directly exposed in the sun- this means that you should stay indoors as much as possible.
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